The city of Barahona is located in the Barahona Province of the Dominican Republic on the country’s southern coast. It is a three-hour drive west of Santo Domingo, the capital city. Barahona is one of the most important cities on the island as it is a center of sugar production and industry, with a very active port and many ecotourism attractions. Barahona was founded by French-Haitian General, Toussaint L’Overture. He believed Barahona’s location was the perfect spot to build an alternate port to Santo Domingo‘s. The incredible natural environment includes mountains, lakes, interesting vegetation, and gorgeous coastline. The remote and hidden beaches are the prettiest you’ll see in the Dominican Republic.
A bigger attraction are the three national parks. The largest protected area in the country, Parque National Jaraqua, contains Laguna Oviedo, which is home to home to over 60 bird species, including the countries largest population of flamingos. Parque National Isla Cabritos, contains Lake Enriquillo, the largest salt water lake in the Antilles, located 45 meters below sea level, home of the American Crocodile. Parque Nacional Sierra de Baoruco is a mountainous park with rainforest vegetation. It is within this park that you can also visit the Larimar mines, which are located 40 km south of Barahona.
You’ll find so much more there: more mangos than you can eat, crayon-colored wood houses, tiled city parks, open verandas with rocking chairs, roosters at dawn, Caribbean breeze, platano, hand painted advertising on city walls and outside stores, avocado trees, sirens signaling the advent of morning, noon and evening, the azure waters of the Caribbean just beyond the town’s horizon. The Lake Enriquillo provides a habitat for flamingos and iguanas and contains the largest reserve in the wild of American crocodiles. Stay quiet and enjoy the ambience.
Since the 18th century, the region was occupied by fishermen and people that came here to cut trees. When Toussaint L’Ouverture took the eastern part of the Hispaniola island in the name of France, he gave the order to create the town of Barahona in 1802 as part of the Ozama Department. After the Independence in 1844, Barahona was a military post of the Azua Province. In 1858, Barahona was elevated to the category of municipality. When the province was created in 1881, Barahona was made its head municipality.
The main economic activity of the province is agriculture; the main product in the municipality is a very good coffee (“Barahona Type Coffee”), grown in the mountains of Eastern Bahoruco. There are also some important industries, mainly to produce textiles to send to other countries, and sugar in the Ingenio Barahona (“Barahona Sugar Factory”).